UNDERSTANDING CORONAVIRUS – COVID-19, THE GLOBAL PANDEMIC

Coronavirus update kenya-The planet is in an upheaval and chaos, as we think today about what to do and how to avoid Coronavirus (COVID-19) from spreading any further. This disease began as simple flu in a Chinese town of Wuhan and has now proven to be a global epidemic with little cure to polarize and disorientate the global village on what to do next.

We have now dedicated this page to shading light on this disease that has withered humanity in a way that hasn’t been seen since the Spanish flu of 1918 for almost a hundred years. We will be answering all your questions about this still pretty new virus in the human world.

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Update on Travel to Kenya

LATEST UPDATE:   Tuesday 9th June 2020

The government of Kenya declared on March 15th that for 14 days all persons arriving on flights from all countries where there are cases of Coronavirus were obliged to self-quarantine. The government of Kenya suspended all incoming international passenger flights for a total of two weeks on 25 March. Subsequently, this prohibition was extended for another time until 6 July. The ban does not apply to flights which may come in to evacuate foreign nationals or to cargo flights with no passengers.

COVID-19 Kenya Government Statement, Sunday 15th March 2020:

  1. The Government is suspending travel for all persons coming into Kenya from any country with reported Coronavirus cases.

  2. Only Kenyan Citizens, and any foreigners with valid residence permits will be allowed to come in provided they proceed on self-quarantine or to a government designated quarantine facility. This will take effect within the next 48 hours to cater for any passengers who may be en route. This directive will remain in effect for the next 30 days or as varied by the National Emergency Response Committee.

  3. All persons who have come into Kenya in the last 14 days must self-quarantine. If any person exhibits symptoms such as cough, or fever, they should present themselves to the nearest health facility for testing.

  • Those entering Kenya must undergo a mandatory 14-day quarantine at a government designated facility. Those taken into government quarantine will not be charged a fee for their stay at the facility.
  • If any person exhibits symptoms such as cough, or fever, they should present themselves to the nearest health facility for testing.
  • Medical quarantine will be extended an extra 14 days for those who test positive for COVID-19 in government quarantine facilities.
  • On June 9, the Government of Kenya updated the list of approved quarantine facilities. There are nine government facilities and 53 participating hotels on the revised list.

Actions to Take:

Kenya is expected to reopen its domestic airspace, allow religious gatherings and inter-country tourism, and fly to save its battered economy as Covid-19 infections start to rise sharply.

President Uhuru Kenyatta has vowed to revisit the months-long Covid-19 lockout steps that are set to expire on July 6, following more than three months of strict shutdowns in various economic sectors.

“We will soon start domestic flights and this is what we will use as our trial in readiness for international travel over the next couple of days,” said President Kenyatta last week, pointing to lifting of a ban on travel into and out of Nairobi and Mombasa, the country’s biggest cities. It is however not clear whether the 9pm to 4am countrywide curfew will be lifted.

The reopening will be guided by protocols put in place in different sectors of the economy.

The tourism industry, which was hit hard by the restriction on movement imposed by the government, established a set of reopening protocols that obtained a World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) approval stamp on July 1st.

“I am delighted to announce that Kenya has been listed among the 80 global destinations certified and authorized to use the “World Travel and Tourism Council Safe Travel Stamp” together with our Magical Kenya Logo. This stamp will allow travellers to recognize Kenya as a safe destination once we reopen and implement the health and safety protocols,” said Tourism Cabinet Secretary Najib Balala. The protocols seek to ensure service provision meets required guidelines aimed at preventing the spread of Covid-19.

The Kenyan authorities have extended the suspension of international passenger flights to July 6 in order to further curtail the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19); all cargo flights and repatriation flights are excluded. Authorities have also announced that a nationwide overnight curfew will remain in effect until July 7, from 21:00 to 04:00 (local time).Medical professionals and essential service providers are exempt from the curfew.

On Saturday, June 6, road, rail and air traffic restrictions in and out of the Nairobi Metropolitan Area, as well as Mombasa and Mandera Counties, were extended for 30 days. As such, for the duration of the measures no travel into or out of the two zones will be allowed, and public spaces will remain closed. The same restrictions will be lifted for the neighborhoods of Eastleigh (Nairobi) and Old Town (Mombasa), and Kwale and Kilifi Counties, on June 7 at 04:00.

Face masks or coverings must be worn in public at all times and a distance of 1 m (3 ft) from other people is preserved. Businesses were required to provide soap and water at the entrances to buildings, or an alcohol-based sanitizer. Those found in breach of the new measures could face a fine of Sh 20,000 (USD 189), or six months in jail.

As of June 6, there have been 2600 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 83 associated deaths nationwide. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected in the near term.

Background

COVID-19’s first case was identified on December 31, and the source of the outbreak has been traced to a wet market in Wuhan (province of Hubei, China). Transmission of the virus by human-to-human and by patient-to-medical staff has been verified. Many of the associated fatalities were due to virus-induced pneumonia.

Virus cases have been confirmed in many countries and territories around the globe. Virus screening and quarantining initiatives, as well as stringent travel restrictions, are being enforced at airports around the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11 declared the global outbreak to be a pandemic.

Symptoms of pneumonia include dry cough, chest pain, fever and labored respiration. Pneumonia can be infectious and can be spread by bacteria and dogs. A popular cause of viral pneumonia is the influenza virus, or flu.

Measures taken by local authorities are increasingly changing, and are typically instantly successful. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions when they arrive in the territory in question at a very short notice. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.

All international flights are suspended until further notice. Any returning Kenyan residents are subject to self-quarantine or quarantine at a government-designated facility for 14 days upon arrival.

There are a number of local measures in place throughout Kenya:

  • Nairobi lockdown has been extended to 7 July
  • Restrictions on road, rail and air transport to and from the Nairobi Metropolitan area, and Mombasa and Mandera Counties are in place until 7 July
  • There is a nationwide curfew from 9pm to 4am
  • Face masks must be worn in public places
  • Social distancing rules apply when using private vehicles – anyone driving a car must fill only 50% of the vehicle’s seat capacity
  • The land borders with Somalia, Uganda and Ethiopia have closed, with the exception of cargo trucks.

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta placed a three-week ban on travel into and out of four major “infected areas” coronavirus, including the capital, Nairobi, before the normally busy weekend of Easter.

In a televised address to the nation on Monday, Kenyatta stopped short of announcing a full lockdown within these areas but warned, “We must be ready to go even further if necessary.”

The order bars the entry and exit of the highly infectious respiratory disease caused by the new coronavirus in four regions of the country most affected by cases of COVID-19. Besides Nairobi, they include the Mombasa port city and the Kilifi and Kwale counties.

“The cessation of movement within the Nairobi metropolitan area shall be for an initial containment period of 21 days with effect from 7pm” on Monday, Kenyatta said in the televised address.

“The movement of food supplies and other cargo will continue as normal during the declared containment period through road, railway and air,” he added.

Kenya already has a dusk-to-dawn curfew to contain the virus which has infected 158 people in the region, according to the latest report from the government. Four people have suffered from the disease in Kenya.

The East African nation of 50 million people has 578 intensive care beds. “We are at war and we must win,” Kenyatta said. “We must make a stand here, before COVID-19 starts to spread out of control,” he added.

According to the Africa Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, forty-three of Africa’s 54 countries have closed their borders. Less than half of the 54 countries in Africa have placed lockdowns, curfews, travel bans or other restrictions to try to control the COVID-19 spread. Fifty-one countries on the continent have registered cases of the disease.

This alert affects Kenya

This alert began 05 Apr 2020 14:39 GMT and is scheduled to expire 06 May 2020 23:59 GMT.

  • Incident: Restrictions
  • Location(s): Nationwide
  • Time Frame: Indefinite
  • Impact: Transport and business disruptions

The government on April 5 extended the ban of all incoming international passenger flights through at least May 6 to curb the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). It will only require cargo flights to operate, however, aircrews must obey strict regulations. Exemptions may be made for chartered international flights to evacuate foreign nationals; however, airlines must send at least 72 hours’ notice to authorities.

The COVID-19 updates existing measures, including:

  • An indefinite nationwide curfew from 1900-0500. Critical and essential service providers, including health workers, are exempt from the curfew.
  • The closure of Kenya’s land border with Uganda since March 25. The closure applies to all pedestrians and vehicles, excluding cargo trucks.
  • Mass testing for international arrivals since March 22.
  • All individuals who have entered Kenya since March 22 must undergo a 14-day quarantine at a government-designated facility at their own expense. Foreign nationals who are currently under self-isolation may break quarantine only if they are asymptomatic.
  • Authorities have also ordered shops and transportation companies to undertake measures to keep people 1.5 meters (5 feet) apart. Random screening in public spaces.

Travelers will follow the instructions of the respective diplomatic missions and local authorities, and track the reports of local media.

In response to the spread of COVID-19, a viral respiratory disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus (formerly known as 2019-nCoV), the steps taken by Kenyan authorities correlate with similar actions taken by other governments globally over recent days. Symptoms grow 1-14 days after exposure (3-7 days average).

These symptoms include fever, tiredness, cough, trouble breathing, often progressing to pneumonia and kidney failure-especially in those with underlying medical conditions. The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak was declared a pandemic by the WHO on March 11.

Advice

Emphasize basic health precautions, especially frequent handwashing with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are unavailable. Practice good coughing/sneezing etiquette (i.e., covering coughs and sneezes with a disposable tissue, maintaining distance from others, and washing hands). There is no evidence that the influenza vaccine, antibiotics, or antiviral medications will prevent this disease, highlighting the importance of diligent basic health precautions.

Immigration update – International flights suspended, quarantine measures implemented and a Daily Curfew

The government has suspended all international flights until further notice effective March 25 and imposed compulsory quarantine on anyone arriving in the country before the suspension of the flight.

Key Points

  • All international flights are suspended, with the exception of cargo flights.
  • Those who arrived before the March 25 deadline must undergo quarantine at a government-designated facility at their own expense.
  • Kenyans who remain abroad after the deadline are advised to follow the guidelines of the country where they are located.
  • Kenya’s National Emergency Response Committee is imposing social distancing requirements, closing bars and banning religious gatherings. Restaurants are to remain open only for take-away service.
  • Effective Friday, 27th March, 2020; a daily curfew from 7 p.m. to 5 a.m. shall be in effect in the territory of the Republic of Kenya, with all movement by persons not authorized to do so.

Earlier this month, the government imposed a travel ban and limited immigration services to mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 virus.

Employers will budget for major delays to employee mobility and business travel postponements. Foreign nationals are strongly encouraged to comply with self-quarantine steps, as those who disobey them the face, at their cost, 14-day quarantine in a government facility and criminal prosecution. The response to the COVID-19 pandemic continues to develop, and Deloitte will provide additional updates as information becomes available.

Lockdown-Coronavirus update kenya

  • As of July 4, 2020 there are 7,577 confirmed cases of COVID-19 throughout Kenya, with 2236 recovered patients and 159 related deaths.
  • On June 6 the GoK announced that movement restrictions in and out of Nairobi’s Eastleigh neighborhood and Mombasa’s Old Town neighborhood lapse as of 4:00 am, June 7. Movement restrictions into both Kilifi and Kwale counties also lapse as of 4:00 am, June 7.
  • On June 6 it was announced that nightly quarantine hours are revised to 9:00 pm to 4:00 am, effective the morning of June 7.  Those violating the curfew may be arrested and put in mandatory quarantine for 14 days. Those taken into government quarantine will not be charged a fee for their stay at the facility.
  • Public gatherings are prohibited.  On June 6, the GoK stated that protocols regarding re-opening places of worship will be devised “in the next seven days.”  The same June 6 announcement stated that the ban on political and social gatherings, to include bars, is extended for an additional 30 days.
  • Persons visiting a supermarket or any open-air market are required to wear a protective mask that covers the mouth and nose. Users of public or private transport are also required to wear a protective mask.
  • On June 6, movement restrictions in and out of the Nairobi Metropolitan Area, Mombasa and Mandera were extended an additional 30 days.
  • On May 16th, movement restrictions were imposed into and out of Kenya through the Kenyan-Tanzania and Kenyan-Somali international borders, with exceptions for cargo vehicles.
  • On March 25th, the Government of Kenya suspended all international flights in and out of Kenya. On May 11th, the GoK extended the ban on commercial flights, with the exception of flights arriving to evacuate foreign nationals.  On June 6, the GoK announced that the Kenyan Ministry of Transport will develop protocols to reinstate domestic air travel.

As of July 4, 2020 there are 7,577 confirmed cases of COVID-19 throughout Kenya, with 2236 recovered patients and 159 related deaths.

On June 6, the Kenyan government declared that travel restrictions in and out of Nairobi’s East Leigh neighborhood and Mombasa’s Old Town neighborhood will expire on June 7, at 4:00 am. Restrictions on travel through both Kilifi and Kwale counties also expire at 4:00 am, June 7.

It was confirmed on June 6 that overnight quarantine hours have been changed from 9:00 pm to 4:00 am, effective on the morning of June 7. All people who break the curfew will be arrested and placed in a mandatory 14-day quarantine. Anyone brought into quarantine by the government would not be charged a fee for their stay at the hospital.

Public gatherings are prohibited. On June 6, Kenya’s government announced that guidelines on reopening places of worship will be established “in the next seven days.” The same announcement of June 6 confirmed that the ban on political and social gatherings, including bars, would be extended for another 30 days.

Individuals visiting a supermarket or any open-air market are required to wear a protective mask covering their mouth and nose. Public or private transport users may also need to wear a safety mask.

On June 6, movement restrictions in and out of the Nairobi Metropolitan Area, Mombasa and Mandera were extended an additional 30 days.

President Uhuru Kenyatta has declared that the cessation of the movement order that barred entry and exit from the counties of Nairobi, Mombasa and Mandera would expire at 4 am on Tuesday. Yet he extended the national curfew for another 30 days.

“By re-opening Nairobi, Mombasa and Mandera, we are more at risk than we were when the restrictions were in place. We must, therefore, exercise cautious optimism, and avoid reckless abandon,” he said.

A caveat, however, is that the State may move to reverse reopening if Covid-19 trends become worrying.

“Should the situation deteriorate and pose a challenge to our health infrastructure, it shall be ‘clawed back’.  In the next 21 days, we shall study patterns of interactions and the spread of the disease.  Any trends that signal a worsening of the pandemic, we will have no choice but to return to the lock-down at zero-option.”

Places of worship will also begin phased reopening in strict conformity with all guidelines applicable. He noted however that no congregants under the age of 13 or over 58 should be allowed.

Those with underlying health conditions have also been cautioned against congregating to worship.

“In line with the guidelines provided by the Inter-Faith Council, at each worship ceremony only a maximum of 100 participants will be permitted, and not more than an hour,” Mr Kenyatta said in his address to the country.

Sunday Schools and Madrassas will remain suspended until further notice.

Local air travel will resume July 15, under the guidance of the Ministry of Health and Transport, in what will be a relief to players and staff in the aviation industry. On the other hand, international travel is set to resume August 1.

On the roads, public service vehicle (PSV) operators will require certification from the Ministry of Health to operate out of areas previously under cessation of movement.

“Conscious that movement of people is a catalyst for the spread of the disease, there shall be no movement of public transport vehicles into and out of the areas previously under cessation of movement restrictions, without the public transport providers being compliant with all protocols developed by Ministry of Health,” Mr Kenyatta said.

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Health VS Economy-Coronavirus update kenya

The Head of State noted that he and his team had to make tough decisions in announcing a phased reopening of the country which balanced what was good for the economy and what made sense in the midst of a public health crisis.

“Have we as a country met the irreducible minimum? Are we ready to reopen? According to experts we have not yet met irreducible minimums a 100 percent. But we have met a reasonable level of preparedness across our counties,” he said Monday.

“After much reflection, my administration opted for the health argument over the economic argument. More so because we can always revive an ailing economy; but we cannot bring back to life those who die from this pandemic. And with this as our chosen path, we set out to build the irreducible minimums.”

The Government has extended restaurants and hotel closing hours from 5 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. Each day, with a stern warning that anyone who violate the law will have their licenses revoked.

Health Cabinet Secretary Mutahi Kagwe said the adjustment was made following intense consultations between restaurant owners and the National Emergency Response Committee (NERC) on COVID-19.

The Cabinet Secretary said that this will allow hotel workers to beat the curfew hours and advised the operators to strictly adhere to protocols “The operators of these restaurants must however ensure they have thermo-guns at the entrance of the premises to screen clients for temperature, provide handwashing stations and soap at the entrance for clients and also provide sanitizers in strategic places at the facilities,” he said.

The owners must also ensure that every customer who enters the establishment is wearing a face mask including food handlers and providing for social and physical distance.

He noted that while all restaurant staff must be screened before the restaurant is opened, after 14 days they do not need another test unless the restaurant does not follow the protocols or a person shows signs of the disease.’

He instructed Public Health officials in their respective areas, to ensure that the guidelines are complied with.

The Cabinet Secretary also announced that 133 people have tested positive out of 3255 samples checked in the last 24 hours, taking the total number of positives to 3860.

Cumulative examination of 121,956 samples so far. All the successful cases are Kenyans; 88 are males and 45 are females. The youngest is age 13 and the oldest is age 90.

The 133 positive cases are distributed in Nairobi, 86 cases, Mombasa, 27, Kiambu, seven, Busia five, Kilifi, Kajiado, and Migori two cases each while Machakos and Muranga, have one case each.

Nairobi cases are from Westlands, 13, Embakasi South, 10, Makadara, nine, Langata, eight, Embakasi East, and Roysambu, five cases each, Starehe, four, Ruaraka, Embakasi Central, Dagoretti North, three cases each, Embakasi North, Embakasi West, Kasarani, Dagoretti South, and  Kibra one case each.

In Mombasa, the 27 cases are from Mvita, 16, Kisauni, six, Nyali, three, Changamwe and Jomvu one case each. The cases in Kiambu are from Kiambaa, three cases, Kabete, Juja, Kikuyu and Kiambu Town, one case each. Kilifi has two cases, one each one from Kaloleni and Kilifi North.

Kajiado has two cases, one case each from Kajiado East and Kajiado west, while Migori has two cases, one each from Kuria west and Kuria East. Machakos has one case from Athi River and Muranga has one case from Kigumo.

The Cabinet Secretary also announced that 40 patients have been discharged from different hospitals today, bringing the recovery tally to 1,326. He confirmed, however, that one more patient succumbed to the disease, taking the total number of those who died to 105.

During the event Dr Pacifica Onyancha, Head of the Preventive and Promotive Services said children’s diet and nutrition is necessary especially at this time of Covid 19 to build their immunity.

He revealed that the Health Ministry has introduced high-impact measures on child protection policies and guidance by encouraging immunization coverage in health centres.

“We are making sure there are scheduled appointments to avoid crowding and that the staff attending the clinic have their temperatures taken every morning,” she said.

The government she added promotes exclusive breastfeeding for up to 6 months, and in the face of Covid,-19, mothers are advised to continue breastfeeding their children and use a mask while breastfeeding if it is positive.

During this time of Covid-19, mothers and children are fragile, she explained, and urged parents not to allow children under two years to wear masks. Those under 5 are also not allowed to wear while at home or in a car because they can easily suffocate.

“Mental status of those taking care of the children as well as the mothers is detrimental and we are requesting those of you who need psychosocial support to seek help so that you don’t injure or affect the child,” Dr. Onyancha said.

Today, the country is commemorating the Day of the Africa Child marked every 16th of June.

Government moves to clear Malaba border blockage Nairobi, Tuesday May 26, 2020

The East Africa Community (EAC) and Regional Cooperation, Cabinet Secretary Adan Mohammed says the government is addressing the challenges facing Malaba border to clear the backlog that is affecting the transport corridor.

Talking to the media at today’s daily COVID-19 media conference, the Cabinet Secretary said the truck drivers blocking the road was artificial and a serious problem that the government is looking into.

“The issues have developed largely and created by our own truck drivers who have caused a 50-kilometer-long delay and now it is becoming a security threat,” he said.

He noted that trade remains a vital aspect of the economy within the EAC zone, which is already experiencing the bad effects of coronavirus and cannot endure the delays that are causing the transport corridor to suffer.

“During pre-corona days it would take three days for a driver to go from the port of Mombasa to Kampala and back but with coronavirus now, that time has doubled and the economic consequence of this has been serious,” he said.

He noted that today the government has taken a decision to exercise everything within its means to ensure that the corridor that was blocked by trucks is cleared and by today afternoon the four trucks that had blocked border entry into Uganda are cleared and truck movement restored, “he said.

He clarified that the government expects clearance to take four to five days and the government has asked all stakeholders including Department of Immigration, Port Health, Revenue Authority and Security to work 24 hours to ensure clearance is completed.

On the issue of Kenyan drivers claiming they’re being paid on the Uganda side during testing, Cabinet Secretary Adan urged them to heed the government’s call to be checked 48 hours before and advised them to undergo the free test in Kenya.

He also called on all truck drivers to exercise patience especially at this trying time of COVID-19, blocking the entry points of Uganda will not be accepted he sadded and noted that all arms of the EAC governments are collaborating  on the issue.

The Cabinet Secretary for Transport James Macharia added that the transport corridor is important to the prevention of COVID-19 especially at the border points. “We agreed that the tests by truck drivers will be done by accredited health facilities using the WHO standards,” he noted.

President Uhuru Kenyatta extended the national curfew and suspension of movements in Nairobi, Mombasa Kwale, Kilifi and Mandera counties until 6 June in an effort to avoid the spread of COVID-19 on the advice of the National Emergency Response Committee on Coronavirus.

The President also declared that movement of people and passengers to and from Kenya-Tanzania and Kenya-Somali border with the exception of cargo would cease, starting today at midnight.

“All drivers of the cargo vehicles shall be subjected to mandatory COVID-19 disease testing and will only be granted entry into the territory of the Republic of Kenya if they test negative,” the President said during his sixth address to the nation today.

He disclosed that the government will continue to take every step to protect Kenyans’ lives from the COVID-19 pandemic, and to prepare economic recovery.

“I am as anxious as all of you, to get back to building this country.  However, we will only be able to do this the sooner we sharply suppress the growth of infections,” the President said after announcing 49 new positive cases of covid-19, bringing the total to 830.

“On a positive note l want to thank the dedication and commitment of our health care workers, we have discharged 301 individuals from our health facilities having registered full recovery since the onset of this pandemic,” he noted and thanked all Kenyans who are adhering to the health hygiene and social distancing measures.

The President also noted, however, that the country has witnessed increased import cases among individuals coming into the country across borders over the past week, making it a serious concern.

“Among the positive cases that have been registered in the country this week, a total of 43 cases have recently crossed the border from neighbouring Somalia and Tanzania and as of yesterday, the cases across the border were distributed in Wajir 14, Isebania 10, Namanga 16, Lungalunga 2 and Loitoktok one,” the President said.

Had we not pursued this action, the cases smuggled across our borders today would have accounted for more than 50 percent of the week’s infections, he stressed.

These figures and the spread of infection clearly suggest that ALL the progress already made in fighting this pandemic would inevitably be at a loss if no action is taken, the President noted.

There are currently 481 cases undergoing therapy. Globally, as of this morning from 4.7 million infections, the coronavirus pandemic has claimed over 300,000 innocent lives.

Porous boundaries have become the new high-risk areas in Covid’s disease transmission -19 and now our priority areas, said Dr. Mercy Mwangangi, Chief Administrative Secretary (CAS) for Health today.

The CAS stated that the government is evaluating the situation to suggest interventions, particularly for truck drivers who are now becoming the other weak link in the virus war.

“Kenyans have been voicing their concerns regarding these emerging trends, at our borders and their porosity. I wish to inform you that, as members of the East African Community, we have been in constant discussion with our counterparts on how best this matter can be handled for the safety and well-being of our people,” she assured.

She confirmed the National Emergency Response Committee is closely monitoring the situation and would not hesitate to take any action as required by the situation.

Due to the nature of human interaction, it is not possible keep the virus from crossing the borders and no country has been able to achieve this, Dr. Mwangangi noted.

She thanked the monitoring teams and health care workers who came out in the neighborhoods to combat the virus and locate the high-risk areas.

“I urge all Kenyans to remain calm and exercise patience as the Government addresses the panya routes being used get into our country,” she advised.

The CAS also called on border counties communities to regularly practice Nyumba Kumi community policing, be alert, and report any suspicious individuals.

The government is calling on Kenyans to report to the authorities any persons who have recently relocated to their neighborhood after restricting movement into and out of two Nairobi and Mombasa estates.

The two East leigh farms in Nairobi and Old Town in Mombasa were shut down for 15 days due to an upsurge in their respective areas of Coronavirus cases.

Talking to the media today during the daily COVID-19 briefing with the Chief Administrative Secretary (CAS) for Health, Dr. Rashid Aman said the government is well aware that the steps placed in those areas that cause some inconvenience but assured the people that the guidelines are intended to protect all.

“Some people have decided to sneak out of these areas and relocate to the neighboring estates. Let me caution you that this move is counterproductive because if you happen to be infected unknowingly, then you have just transferred the problem to another area,” he warned.

Instead, he appealed to the residents to continue washing hands, maintaining social space, following high hygiene standards, wearing face masks and sanitizing whenever possible to help bring back normalcy in these areas.

He also announced that it would be mandatory to check all cross-border truck drivers at the point of origin and obtain a corona-free certificate 48 hours prior to departure in compliance with the COVID-19 protocol of the Eastern African Community (EAC) Member States.

Dr. Rashid also revealed that out of the 1075 samples tested in the last 24 hours, 25 people have tested positive for Coronavirus disease bringing the total number of those who have tested positive to 607.

He added that this number is increasing and must be stopped adding that Kenyans are 22 of the positive cases, one is Ugandan, one is Tanzanian and one is a Chinese national. The County of Isiolo County is becoming the latest to report a Covid-19 case taking the number of Counties affected so far to 18.

He noted that 17 of the cases are from Nairobi, 2 from Wajir, 2 from Kajiado and one each from Mombasa, Migori, Isiolo and Nakuru. In Nairobi 9 cases are from Eastleigh, Kawangware (2), Parklands (2), Riruta (1), South C (1), Umoja (1) and Juja Road (1). In Mombasa the one case is from Likoni, while in Nakuru it is from Solai.

Out of the 25 cases 21 are males and 4 are women both aged between eight years for the youngest and 73 years for the oldest.

The government also has additional seven new discharges taking the total amount to 197 of those who have recovered from the disease. “We are equally saddened that 3 patients were lost, two from Nairobi and one from Mombasa taking the number of deaths from the disease to 29,” he said.

He also announced that the government has decided to evacuate Kenyans for care who had traveled to India and are scheduled to land at JKIA this evening. The patients would be quarantined at home under the supervision of their doctors, he explained.

Meanwhile, Dr. Patrick amoth, Acting Director General, Ministry of Health said deaths at community level is a becoming concern for the government.

“Yesterday we had deaths in Mombasa at community level a sign of intense transmission of the disease, and we have seen a similar pattern developing in Eastleigh when today we had a community death,” he added.

Deaths that occur at the level of the population, Dr. Amoth clarified are indicators that these individuals have a serious type of the disease, so they are more symptomatic and are also strong virus shedders.

Those who take care of them and others who are in near proximity to them are at a very high risk of getting the infection from them, Dr. Amoth said, and so appealed to everyone who feel unwell with some of the signs and symptoms of covid-19 who call 719 so that the rapid response team will be able to attend to them immediately.

As of today, the DG said that there are 195 people admitted in the various hospitals with COVID-19.  He also decried the new cases of infections in Migori and Wajir where we are dealing with import cases from the neighboring countries of Tanzania and Somalia arguing that the government is putting in place measures to ensure that anybody who comes through the informal border entry point are screened and urged the communities to become gatekeepers and alert the government.

The Government has banned movement in and out of Eastleigh area in Nairobi and Old town in Mombasa to contain the spread of Covid-19.

The cessation of movement in the two places comes to effect today 6th May, 2020 from 7 p.m. for the next 15 days, the Cabinet Secretary (CS) for Health Sen. Mutahi Kagwe announced during the daily COVID-19 media briefing.

The CS also ordered the closure of markets, restaurants and restaurants in the affected areas and declared that residents would still be able to move inside the area as the government does not want to lock people in the houses.

“What this means is that public transport in those areas will not be allowed in or out. If you have a colleague in Eastleigh, don’t let them come and stay with you, if they have not taken the test,” he said.

He emphasized that the measures are not intended to punish the affected residents but aimed to ensure that the disease is identified, isolated and contained.

He also reported that in the last 24 hours 47 people tested positive for coronavirus taking the total number of those who tested positive to 582. Of this number, 32 belong to Mombasa, 11 to Nairobi, 2 to Busia, 1 to Kiambu and 1 to Kwale.

In Mombasa, the cases are spread in Mvita 25, Changamwe 2, Likoni 3, and Kisauni 2. In Nairobi, Eastleigh has 5 cases, Kasarani 2, Kibra 1, Umoja 1, Dandora 1 and Karen 1. Thirty one of the cases are male and 16 are female, ranging from 8 years for the youngest to 73 years for the oldest.

Despite the rising numbers, CS Kagwe noted that the country has equally recorded eight 8 new discharges bringing the total number of those who have recovered from the disease to 190.

He also noted that the country has lost two more people from Mombasa County bringing to 26 the number of people who have lost their lives due to the disease.

He announced that the government will now meet the cost of targeted testing and quarantine effective form today. “Kenyans should therefore not be afraid to be tested,” he added and appealed to institutions to be accountable for all the equipment they are issuing to health care workers.

“As we continue to provide protective equipment to our health care workers, we have observed that there are unscrupulous individuals who are selling this equipment particularly the PPE’s. I want to warn such individuals that this is criminal and legal action shall be taken against them,”,Kagwe said.

At the press conference the CS for Transport James Macharia also announced that all truck drivers going to neighboring countries shall be tested 48hrs before departure. “This applies to drivers coming from other countries,” he noted and added that the drivers COVID-19 certificate shall be renewed every 14 days.

He also announced that only critical services including loading & offloading will remain in Mombasa Port. The number of workers would also be reduced from 6,200 to 4,000 and advised to obey steps at the Railway Station for those using the commuter train.

The CS disclosed that a brand new ferry has been introduced at Likoni Ferry to ensure social distance while flower export shall be sustained by adding 12 more airlines.

“All patients coming home from India and other countries will be released to their doctors & quarantined in premises recommended by the doctors,’ CS Kagwe noted.

Government warn boda boda riders flouting rules Nairobi, Thursday April 9, 2020

The government is warning boda boda operators against being used to flout movement restrictions in and out of the designated counties of Nairobi, Kwale, Mombasa and Kilfi.

We have also noted with serious concern, that our Boda Boda operators are not fully observing the directive of carrying only one passenger and wearing face masks,” said Hon. Mutahi Kagwe, the Cabinet Secretary for Health Mutahi Kagwe during today’s media briefing on coronavirus.

He noted that the riders risk not only their bikes being impounded by the authority but also their livelihoods. “Let me remind you that we will not hesitate to introduce even stiffer measures in the best interest of the country,” he warned them and urged all other operators to compel with the rules set.

The Cabinet Secretary called on small businesses to take the necessary precaution while operating in order to prevent the spread of coronavirus. “Our country’s economy relies on salonists, mama Mbogas and barbers but we have noticed a lot of abuse when it comes to social distancing in this sector and I am seeking their cooperation, so that the government does not have to take extreme measures to achieve compliance,” he warned.

“We cannot allow Kenyans to die because of non-distancing in any sector, so l am appealing to those of you who are carrying out the hair cutting business and saloons to ensure social distancing, fumigation of working places and ensure masks are used at all times,” he stressed.

The Cabinet Secretary highlighted that while there are improvements in the government’s collaborative efforts to counter the Coronavirus pandemic, the level of exposure on how face marks are being sold in the streets is alarming and urged the public to take the requisite precautions to preserve their standard of hygiene arguing that the masks remain a high risk area of infection.

The Cabinet Secretary lauded the efforts being made through the Kitui County Textile Center (KICOTEC) by the Kitui County Government. The facility is now generating an average of 30,000 facemasks a day which are KEBS certified and will be made available to the public.

At the same time, Cabinet Secretary Kagwe warned Kenyans during this Easter holiday against traveling within their countries and urged them to live in their homes and in their estates.

“If people don’t go to workplaces and they’re not gatherings, no bars then where you’re going,” he asked and made a special appeal to all Kenyans to remain strictly at home, and continue to follow all the other steps that the government has put in place.

“Do not host parties, and make the usual Easter visits. Stay at home. By people staying at home they will not only be helping the government but will also be protecting themselves from contracting coronavirus,” he advised.

Government extends quarantine period for 14 days Nairobi, Saturday April 4, 2020

Although those in quarantined areas failed to maintain the appropriate social distance and hygiene measures, the government extended the quarantine period for another 14 days.

Speaking today at the Cabinet Secretary for Health’s COVID-19 press conference, Mutahi Kagwe expressed frustration with some of the citizens under quarantine who, he said, also keeping parties disregarded the Directive on social distance.

“The government has now instructed medical officials to extend the quarantine for another 14 days because those people might have interacted with positive cases, he argued and noted that the Ministry has started moving persons who are in designated facilities depending on their status to prevent them from infections.”

The Secretary of Cabinet reported that four individuals tested positive for coronavirus disease taking the overall number of those who tested positive to 126.

The government he added has now operationalized and approved the Teaching and Referral Hospital at Kenyatta University to treat COVID-19 cases and is currently treating 20 patients.

To avoid congestion the Ministry has also made arrangements for home based care.

The four positive cases among them were three Kenyans and one Pakistani who were screened in a cluster of 300 people and analyzed 72 samples in the last 24 hours.

Three were male and one female, two of whom had migrated from Malawi and Pakistani, while one had local disease. For the 2050 citizens who were in mandatory quarantine, the CS said 1866 were screened, and the remaining 184 are screened.

“Contact tracing is the largest activity of the government and so far out of 1781 contacts monitored 1100 people have been discharged and 672 people are being monitored in the follow up programme,”Kagwe said.

He stated that the largest number of those who have tested positive are those who are under quarantine and are more likely to cause further transmission among those who shared the facilities, thus withdrawing them from the directive.

The Cabinet Secretary also called on the country’s youth to participate in efforts to combat Coronavirus Disease. He encouraged the youth to become part of government programs to combat the disease. “Youth are our society’s largest portion, as well as people who are increasingly mobile and have resources to help battle the disease,” he said.

“The youth must become part of the solution to the programs by taking measures, such as not travelling upcountry, organizing themselves as they have been doing so in terms of  sanity in matatu saccos , markets , cleaning exercises and even in sporting activities. If they organize themselves in the similar format and responsibly they can create a difference between the way we are handing things in the Kenya compared to others countries,” he noted.

He also re-emphasized that it’s the responsibility of every person to ensure measures such as social distancing are adhered to. “We cannot police social distancing and therefore you can only take responsibility,” he said.

The Cabinet Secretary also directed those going to supermarkets to use masks and those using public transport as well. ‘I want to urge any person visiting a supermarket or open air market to wear protective masks to prevent transmission in those areas, “he said.

He noted that local Personal Protective Equipment manufacturing would keep health workers safe and protected, and announced that KEMRI is now engaged in serious research to manufacture test kits locally.

He also sent his condolences to the family of Captain Daudi Kibati, the pilot who evacuated Kenyans from New York and is being buried today.

“Together with his colleagues, they took a major risk and he was able to evacuate many Kenyans but only for him to succumb to the disease. He made the ultimate sacrifice, Kenyans owe him a great deal,” the Cabinet Secretary said.

The Director-General of the Ministry of Health Working, Dr. Patrick Amoth added that figures have shown that more men than women are being infected, currently 57 per cent local men and 43 per cent local women.

He reported that the distribution of country age on Coronavirus ranges from 2 years old to 72 years old with a case fatality rate of 3 per cent which indicates that we have made progress compared to countries like Italy, Spain and the United States.

“Tough times are ahead. Let us not lower our guard and together if we work as we are doing we shall overcome,” Dr. Amoth said.

Education

Most governments around the world have temporarily closed educational institutions in an attempt to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic.

These nationwide closures are impacting over 60% of the world’s student population. Several other countries have implemented localized closures impacting millions of additional learners.

UNESCO is supporting countries in their efforts to mitigate the immediate impact of school closures, particularly for more vulnerable and disadvantaged communities, and to facilitate the continuity of education for all through remote learning.

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Online learning during the coronavirus pandemic is providing opportunities to hundreds of students in northeast Kenya, where school was cancelled even before COVID-19, as teachers fled terrorist attacks.  The al-Shabab militant group killed six teachers and four students in Garissa county in January and March.  But distance learning is allowing teachers and students to safely complete the school year, a practice that many in the area hope to continue after the pandemic.

Eighteen-year-old Halima Abdinoor, a high school student in Garissa, northeastern Kenya, says all she needed was online learning to finish her education.

“We only covered three chapters and in physics its always ten subjects,” said Abdinoor. “So were really behind in that subject, and in these online classes in just two months, we have finished, and we did the revision.”

Abdinoor’s school closed in January when instructors backed by the Teachers Service Commission, or TSC, withdrew from the area due to insecurity.  All schools in Kenya closed in mid-March due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The shutdown left Abdinoor feeling helpless.

“It was really very hard for us, we were so worried, and we have been waiting for it, it is our final year,” said Abdinoor. “We have been struggling since primary then secondary, it is our final year, and we had no teachers. We have been very worried. So this lockdown came and became another problem for us.”

But with a smartphone and internet, students can learn and finish their course work.

Moustapha Kassim is one of the teachers helping students like Abdinoor with their online studies.  He says in just two months, the students mood changed from hopelessness to joy.

“In the last two months we have been able to run through because we were having about five days a week two hours, we were able to run through all the topics that they were supposed to have done,” said Kassim.  “They were in despair. They didn’t know if this would work, and by the end of the day after two months, they were happy. They joined the group.”

Fatuma Dubow of the “Northern Innovation and Empowerment Hub,” an organization that helps women and youth in the region, says online learning can save students in the area now and in the future.

“Northeastern is still insecure, and the teachers from TSC will not be posted again, there will be issues, so this is something that will continue post-COVID, and our plan is to work now directly with the schools and to have proper tech set up and to have teachers in other areas of Kenya still support these kids,” said Dubow.

The women’s organization, which consists of professionals from the region, has hired three science teachers to help high school candidates to prepare for their exams.

John Kemuru teaches chemistry.  He says the students can benefit from the current program even when schools reopen.

“This is something you can teach even if you are far from each other. Therefore you can be able to reach them as long as there is that online platform that’s continuing,” said Kemuru.  “The students will be very much catered for so I think is going to help them much even after we resume schools.”

Garissa, Mandera, and Wajir counties, have experienced numerous terror attacks targeting schools, government facilities and security forces.

In the worst incident, al-Shabab attacked Garissa University College in 2014, killing 150 people, most of them students.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused far-reaching disruptions to normal life globally. Education, like many other aspects of life, has been disrupted as schools were ordered shut in many countries.

In Kenya, this closure of learning institutions has inspired an evolution in education. Teachers now hold online classes in a bid to keep the country’s students learning.

CGTN Africa visited one school in Nairobi offering online education as students and pupils remain holed up in their homes as a way of further preventing the spread of COVID-19.

“It was not easy for us at the beginning because we work with very young children. Some of our children are 18 months, to six-year-olds. And so, when we launched that to the parents, that we would be going on with the virtual classes, we had quite a lot of anxious parents who doubted that was for them, for their ages, but yes, we had the will and so we pushed for it. And luckily the parents along the way, yes, supported that. And so it has a sort of now worked, it is working,” said Phyllis Kamau, the Director at Pink Tower Children’s House.

Every day, teachers engage children in virtual classes to ensure continuity of the learning process. The children have grown to love the sessions as they get to not only continue their education, but also interact with their classmates albeit online.

A visit to one of the classes shows just how enjoyable the lessons are for the children. The classes are filled with laughter, jokes and songs which makes them very inviting, especially for the young learners.

For teachers, the new form of learning requires just as much discipline as the physical classrooms.

“We have our ground rules just like we had in (physical) class that guide us in our classes. So, we have come up with online rules that we tend to follow,” said Ann Nduta, a teacher at Pink Tower Children’s House.

“It’s quite a challenge with them at home. I would say that. But as teachers, we come up with our own hacks to make them listen. They want to learn and this is what we have since we can’t come to school.”

Parents have also grown to love the online classes, despite it demanding more of them.

As children take their classes at home, their parents are forced to take a keener interest in their sessions and progress of school work.

“You become more ingrained in what your child is actually doing because there is a lot of drawing, there is a lot of number work, there is a lot of hidden tests and stuff. So, you find yourself at least you are at the forefront of what your child is doing and you know exactly what they are learning. Because before we just used to get like a daily report of what they have done. But now you can see and track through exactly what it is they have been doing and how they are coping in school,” said Michael Karanja, a parent of two children taking online classes.

Phylis is confident the experience gained form the online classes will come in handy in Kenya’s quest to incorporate more digital learning in its education curriculum.

The current government pledged to introduce digital learning aids to pupils and students as a way of digitizing education and ultimately preparing students better for the ever-growing digital space.

“If they (the government) would go ahead and roll that, even if not now, but in faces along the years, then I think it would be a very good thing because remember, even after this pandemic, should everyone adopt these or not, a teacher would easily run a class online and still be able to achieve whatever it is that they wanted to achieve with their students. I think it would be a good thing if everyone would, would access that computer somewhere,” said Phylis.

As Kenya continues to fight the COVID-19 pandemic, the government hopes to make positive strides that would allow it safely reopen, ultimately allowing schooling to resume.

The Cabinet Secretary in the Education Ministry, George Magoha, said last month the government is targeting September as a possible time o reopen schools with advice from health experts.

n March 15, 2020, the Kenyan government abruptly closed schools and colleges nationwide in response to COVID-19, disrupting nearly 17 million learners countrywide. The social and economic costs will not be borne evenly, however, with devastating consequences for marginalized learners. This is especially the case for girls in rural, marginalized communities like the Maasai, Samburu, Turkana, Pokot, Marakwet, and Sabaot, and in coastal regions; refugee children in Kakuma and Dadaaab refugee camps; and children with disabilities.

EDUCATION EXCLUSION

Since schools closed in Kenya, the ministry of education and other agencies have indicated that learners should undertake online learning or technology-mediated learning on TV, radio, ed-tech apps, and mobile phones.

While such learning may take place in urban areas, for many marginalized children in remote villages—including refugee children in camps as well as those living with various disabilities—learning during COVID-19 school closures is a deep challenge. Learning mediated through ed-tech remains out of reach for many disadvantaged children due to connectivity challenges. In remote parts of Kajiado, Narok, Samburu, Turkana, and Kilifi counties, for example, electricity does not reach households, excluding children from online learning.

Additionally, smartphones are beyond the reach of most rural communities. Even when adults have smartphones, tensions around privacy and kids’ unsupervised internet use render access for learning nonexistent. And where electricity and technology do exist, the cost of the internet is prohibitive. Such disadvantages present challenges for rural families and learners who must compete with their more privileged peers during national examinations.

LEARNING LOSS

The quarantines and curfews imposed by governments as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic also lead to learning loss. If children experience learning loss during normal extended school holidays, it remains to be determined how much learning will be lost during extended emergency closures.

For rural children of parents with low literacy levels and limited education resources, this risk of learning loss is heightened. Not only are these parents frustrated at having to homeschool without adequate preparation, they also cannot reinforce their children’s learning. Intermittent online learning is not effective for students already behind, and radio learning cannot replace classroom learning as it is intended to supplement knowledge that children already have.

NUTRITION AND ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES

School closures also have implications for learners who rely on school feeding programs as a main source of nutrition. With everyone now at home, families’ ability to provide food for their children has been even further reduced. In such poverty, securing food takes precedence over learning.

For instance, the closure of schools in Kenya has also coincided with the planting seasons where poor families are likely to take advantage of labor provided by children at home. This is especially the case for girls and young women whose duties include working on farms, household chores, and caring for family members.

SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND EXPLOITATION

Anecdotal evidence suggests that rural girls are likely to be used to cushion families’ income, which further exposes girls to sexual exploitation and gender-based violence. This places girls at especially high risk of health and reproductive crises, including forced female genital mutilation, as well as early marriage, which puts girls at high risk of dropping out when schools reopen.

Decreased mobility from quarantines and curfews also restricts girls and women from essential protection services and support networks, further diminishing their autonomy.

CONCLUSION

While COVID-19 has affected nearly all learners globally, school closures have exacerbated already existing inequalities for marginalized learners and come with a host of unintended consequences for vulnerable girls. We must put in place protections for vulnerable girls and ensure that they have access to life-saving education.

Schools in Kenya have been closed to 17 million students since early March due to the coronavirus pandemic. The coronavirus pandemic has disrupted education for nearly 1.3 billion students worldwide.

The dominant alternative model for education has been tethered to internet access and broadcast stations.

But what happens to children who live in households without access to technology or an internet connection?

We head to Kenya to find out with Catherine Soi, Al Jazeera journalist in Nairobi, Kenya; Justin Sandefur, a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development; and Evelyn Jepkemei, an educational adviser at World University Service of Canada.

No, Coronavirus is a virus or germ that causes an infectious disease known as Coronavirus Disease 2019 or soon abbreviated as COVID-19. Coronavirus is not a new infection in the world of pathology; but new type that is part of the larger family of coronaviruses, such as MERS and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) for a long time.

In either case, this new strain of coronavirus appears to be more sporadic than the previous two combined, given the numbers of causalities recorded in its wake.

COVID-19 is just an abbreviation for the Coronavirus COVID-19 disease. ‘CO,’ is Corona. ‘VI,’ is for virus. ‘D.’ stands for Disease and 19 stands for 2019. Therefore COVID-19 means Coronavirus disease 2019.

A pandemic is an infectious disease that surpasses international borders (globally). A pandemic usually affects large numbers of people globally or more widely. However, seasonal epidemics are not considered pandemics.

Using this concept, pandemics can be said to occur every year in each of the temperate southern and northern hemispheres, given that recurrent scourges cross universal borders and affect an enormous number of people.

The COVID-19 that began as an epidemic in China has now become a pandemic. There are many examples pandemics in history, the most recent being the COVID-19 pandemic declared as such on 12 March 2020 by the World Health Organization.

Most people around the globe wonder:-How did Coronavirus start? Was it man made with Coronavirus? Was corona virus a target for bio? Where did the corona virus come from? Whence came the corona virus? What’s Coronavirus History?

Coronavirus originated or began in the province of Hubei, in the Chinese city of Wuhan. The virus is thought to have originated from the seafood industry, and is thought to have spread to humans from live animals sold here.

As of today, all published research findings indicate this virus is normal, not man-made or in any way altered

Yeah, coronavirus mutates out there just like the other virus. However, the rate at which this virus mutates is slow. Therefore it does not serve as a major stumbling block in the efforts made to create a vaccine for it.

Symptoms of COVID-19 Coronavirus

Signs and symptoms of coronavirus are no different from the flu or cold, varying from mild to less-typical to severe.

Common symptoms of Coronavirus include;

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Fatigue

Serious symptoms of Coronavirus include;

  • Shortness or difficulty in breathing
  • Pain, or pressure in the chest
  • Loss of speech or movement

Less frequent symptoms of Coronavirus include;

  • Arches and pains
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Headache
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • A rash on the skin, discoloration of fingers or toes

Coronavirus symptoms do not differ with common flu (influenza) or cold. Testing therefore is necessary to confirm that someone has COVID-19 or the common cold.

While many people worldwide have built up immunity to seasonal flu strains, COVID-19 is a new virus that only a few people have immunity to. So, this means that more people are likely to become diagnosed with the COVID-19 coronavirus disease.

Nearly 3.4% of confirmed COVID-19 cases have died globally. On the other hand, for the most part, seasonal flu kills far less than 1% of those infected.

Coronavirus update kenya-How to prevent Coronavirus

By taking the following simple precautions you can reduce the chances of getting COVID-19 or spread;

  • Clean your hands regularly and thoroughly by rubbing your hand with alcohol or an alcohol based hand sanitizer. You can also wash them with water and soap. This will help you to destroy the viruses that get into your hands.
  • Maintain space of at least 1 meter (3 feet) between yourself and others. When someone who is diagnosed with COVID-19 coughs, sneezes, or talks, they release tiny liquid droplets from the nose or mouth. If you are too close you can inhale the droplets and get infected with the virus as a result.
  • Avoid visiting crowded places. Why? Where people near in crowds, you are more likely to come in close contact with someone who has COIVD-19, so it is not easier to take care of 1 meter (3 feet) of physical distance.
  • Do not touch the eyes, nose or mouth. Why? Because these parts are soft and can quickly be used as a passageway for the virus into your body. The other reason for this is that hands touch many surfaces and could acquire viruses. When infected, the virus can be transmitted to the eyes, nose or mouth by hand.
  • Make sure you practice good respiratory hygiene, and the people around you. This can best be seen by using your bent elbow or tissue to cover your mouth and nose once you have coughed or sneezed. If you have used a tissue, dispose of it immediately and wash your hands to get rid of any viruses that might linger on it.
  • Stay home and isolate yourself until you recover, even with slight symptoms including cough, headache and moderate fever. When you plan to leave your house, wear a mask to avoid infecting others.
  • If you have issues with temperature, cough and breathing, seek medical attention but call first, if possible, and follow the guidelines of the local health authority. This is also only because the national and local authorities will have the most up-to – date information about the situation in your region, and calling forward would enable the doctors to easily guide you to the right medical institution. This will also protect you, and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
  • Get the latest information from trusted sources like the World Health Organization or your local and national health authorities. Why? For what? State and national authorities are better positioned to comment on what people in your region can do to protect themselves.

Effects of COVID-19 Coronavirus to the body

People infected with Coronavirus experience or develop certain signs and symptoms such as fatigue, fever, cough, and shortness of breath, as described above. These symptoms grow as the body’s immune system reacts to the infection. When the immune system detects an offensive invader (virus) it releases the chemicals called cytokines. This chemical acts as a signal to the rest of the body that something is wrong and in turn causes you to experience these symptoms as it puts up a strong fight against the virus that is intruding.

Many people will experience COVID-19 in a more serious form and this will require special care from trained physicians. Therefore, you are recommended that you go for checkup when you get these symptoms.

Coronavirus update kenya and how it spreads

Coronavirus is spread in many forms. The most popular ones that have proven the easiest way of transferring the virus from one person to another are as follows.

  • Through respiratory droplets:

If an individual coughs, sneezes or speaks, he or she releases tiny droplets from the nose and mouth. According to scientists, these droplets can fly several feet, and can be easily breathed in by a nearby human (person). When you inhale these droplets, you become infected. Therefore it is important to maintain a distance of more than two meters from any sick person that has those symptoms.

  • Through touching the surface affected by the infected person:

Coronavirus can survive for some time on objects or surfaces. If you’re living around or in the same area with the victim of Coronavirus, you’re bound to get the disease if you touch the surfaces and objects they touched.

When you touch these objects or surface and touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, you can become infected.

Asymptomatic means that symptoms do not show up. As for asymptomatic coronavirus transmission, only few cases have been identified. However, this does not rule out the possibility of it happening.

Answer is yes. Touching an infected person’s clothing isn’t recommended. When you need to touch them wear safety gear such as gloves, boots, face masks and others.

Yes, the virus will spread through the air, particularly if the sick person coughs or sneezes without covering his mouth or nose. In this case, in the mucus droplets that carry the virus, the surrounding person may easily inhale them or breathe then in and get infected.

People at Risk of contracting COVID-19 Coronavirus

Individuals with poor immune systems are the ones who according to health experts have the most prominent chances of contracting this harmful infection. However, there is no assurance that you will not contract the virus if you have a good immune system

The Coronavirus pandemic has major consequences for the global population. Old people are currently facing the principal hazards and challenges in several nations. Since all age groups are likely to contract COVID-19, older people face a greater risk of serious disease due to physiological changes that arise with aging and possible underlying conditions of health.

Treatment for Coronavirus or Cure for Coronavirus

Scientists claim that as of today there is no proper cure for this deadly virus and therefore the antibiotics currently on the market are of no great benefit as this can be a pneumonia virus which makes antibiotic treatment ineffective against the virus.

No vaccines are available for all identified coronaviruses that can infect humans, including Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome and Extreme Acute Respiratory Syndrome, and now COVID-19. Currently, there are several clinical trials under way to assess alternative treatments for COVID-19. Scientists are also optimistic that a vaccine will be available soon as several successful vaccine studies are approved in countries like China, the US, Germany, Netherlands, Italy and France.

Nevertheless, many of the Coronavirus symptoms have been identified, so having early treatment from a health care provider will make the infection less severe.

Recovery time for Coronavirus patients

The average time clinical time for one to recover fully from COVID-19 for moderate cases is around 2 weeks from infection. For moderate cases, it takes about 3-6 weeks for patients with a serious or critical disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

A novel coronavirus has not been previously identified.  It is a new virus that causes a disease called COVID-19 or Coronavirus disease in 2019. It is different from the coronaviruses that circulate commonly in humans and cause mild illness such as a cold. A diagnosis of coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1 is not synonymous with a diagnosis of COVID-19

Due to the fact that there are many types of human coronaviruses, including those that commonly cause mild diseases of the upper respiratory tract, the WHO had to come up with a name to identify this particular disease because it was a new virus not seen before in humans. The name of this disease was chosen following best practice by the World Health Organization (WHO) for naming new infectious diseases in humans.

On 11 February 2020 the World Health Organization named an official name. The official name for this disorder, abbreviated as COVID-19, is Coronavirus disease 2019. ‘CO’ stands for ‘corona’ in COVID-19; ‘VI’ for ‘virus’ and ‘D’ for disease. This disease had formerly been noted as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV.”

Yes! A person with COVID-19 may have the disease spread to others. Why? It is because Coronavirus can easily spread from person to person. The most infectious are those with COVID-19 signs, or those with serious illnesses. With this reason, CDC and the W.H.O suggests that these patients be treated either at the hospital or at home (depending on how they are) before they get well and no longer pose the risk of infecting others.

Furthermore, it is not just the symptomatic people that may infect others, but also asymptomatic patients (those that are sick but have no signs or symptoms of the disease) can spread the virus without even realizing it.

Quarantine means isolating an individual or group of people who have been infected with an infectious disease such as COVID-19 but have not had symptoms to prevent the disease from being transmitted. The length of time the person spends in quarantine is calculated by the incubation duration of the communicable disease. During that time an infected person may develop signs and symptoms of the disease.

The incubation or quarantine time for COVID-19 is for 14 days. This also means that he or she is not considered a risk of spreading the virus to others after someone is released from COVID-19 isolation because they did not experience illness during the incubation period.

Coronavirus mortality is currently decreasing in a few nations, including Italy, the UK, China, France, Belgium, Germany, South Korea, Japan, and the Australia. Nevertheless, there are many countries such as Brazil, US, Chile, India and several others where cases of death from Coronavirus continue to rise rapidly.

Many countries have different approaches to data collection and analysis than those used by CDC, John Hopkins or the WHO, thereby creating differences in the overall number of cases. CDC’s COVID-19 case reports provide several publicly published reports including information on national, local, tribal, international, and external partners.

No, it’s very difficult to believe that the hot weather would stop the coronavirus as the virus has already spread out to the world. Most nations haven’t reached their peak number of illnesses and deaths.

The other theory is that the world has more than 6.7 million cases of corona virus, as of today.

When someone gives you a clear date from which they believe that the coronavirus will vanish, realize that you are being lied because no one knows when this virus is going to end. It’s basically because this virus has the ability to live inside someone without displaying any signs or symptoms and yet they can still unknowingly pass it on to someone else. But when an effective vaccine is made, one sure way we can expect this virus to stop.

Coronaviruses have existed for some time but there are no vaccines for all viruses, including Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome and Extreme Acute Respiratory Syndrome.

There are two main research groups on coronavirus. Both include the Molecular Coronavirus test as well as the Serological (Antibody) test. All tests function differently and choosing which test to use would depend on what you are interested in. A positive molecular test suggests an active COVID-19 infection but does not rule out bacterial infections or co-infections with other viruses; but this can only be achieved to a smaller proportion, making the test highly reliable.

Serological tests are based on antibodies found in a blood sample that are typically obtained by a simple finger prick. Such tests do not require special equipment to examine the samples, so they can either be used in laboratories or at the treatment stage. Antibodies are proteins that the body produces as it stages a virus attack reaction. The serological test is intended to identify antibodies specifically the Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies that are produced in response to your immune system.

You can decide the corona zone you are in by following the global Coronavirus map established by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in collaboration with the World Health Organization which has regional sectors.

WHO and CDC regions with Coronavirus include Africa, African territories, Americas that mix all countries in South America , Central America, American territories and countries in North America except the USA, Europe, European territories, Eastern Mediterranean, South East Asia, Western Pacific, Western Pacific. To find out more about which countries belong to each of those regions, please visit the CDC Global COVID-19 World Map.

You should eat foods that contain calcium, dietary fibre, protein and antioxidants. You have to drink enough water too. Eat fruits like pineapples, mangoes, bananas etc. It is also recommended to use fruits, legumes (e.g. lentils, beans), nuts and whole grains (e.g., unprocessed maize, millet, oats, wheat, rice or starchy tubers or roots such as potato, yam, taro or cassava). You can eat foods derived from animals (e.g. meat, fish, eggs, and milk). For snacks, instead of foods high in sugar, fat or salt, select raw vegetables and fresh fruit.

Recent results from the research indicate no possibility that novel Coronavirus can be transmitted by food. There is therefore a need for relevant research.

Coronaviruses are unable to withstand higher temperatures and high humidity but at lower temperatures they can live for longer periods. However, there is no definitive scientific proof for COVID-19 that high temperatures will kill the virus. Whatever the temperatures, please follow the CDC and W.H.O instructions on how to prevent this disease from spreading.

Community spread is when people get infected with the virus and it’s no longer possible to trace for contacts since many people will not be sure how or where they became infected.

There is currently no research-based evidence that indicates that mosquitoes or ticks have transmitted or are transmitting this new coronavirus or other similar coronaviruses. Coronavirus is spread from person to person.

The CDC and the W.H.O. have several guidelines for how to defend yourself from COVID-19, and those around you. These encompass the following;

  1. Knows how the disease spreads;
  • Since there is currently no COVID-19 preventive vaccine available, preventing exposure to the virus is the best way to prevent this disease.
  • It is presumed that the spread of the virus is primarily from person to person, particularly among those in close contact with each other, through respiratory droplets created when the infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. These droplets can end up in nearby people’s mouths or ears, or can be inhaled into the lungs. Recent work has shown that even among people who do not seem to have symptoms COVID-19 is being transmitted.
  1. Will everyone;
  • Wash your hands regularly for at least 20 seconds with soap and water, particularly after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing while in public.
  • Using a hand sanitizer containing at least 60 per cent of alcohol unless soap and water are readily available.
  • Do not put unwashed hands on your nose, eyes and mouth.
  1. Avoid close contact
  • Even at home, avoid direct communication with ill people. Keep 6 feet between the person who is ill and other members of the household if possible.
  • Placed barriers outside of your home between yourself and other people.
  • Note some people will transmit the virus without symptoms.
  • Keep at least 6 feet (about 2 arms long) away from other men.
  • Stay away from crowded spots, preventing mass gatherings.
  1. Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when around others
  • You can spread COVID-19 to others even though you are not feeling sick.
  • Everyone should wear a cloth face mask when they have to go out to the grocery store or pick up other items in public, for example.
  • The cotton face mask is intended to protect you in case you’re sick.
  • Do not use a facemask for health-care workers.
  • Tissue face coverings should not be placed on small children under the age of 2; anyone with respiratory issues or is unconscious, injured or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.
  • Hold between yourself and others, about 6 feet. The facet cover of the fabric is no replacement for social distancing.
  1. Deal with cough and sneezes
  • If you’re in a private setting and don’t have facial covering on your cloth, remember to always cover your mouth and nose with tissue when you cough or sneeze or use your elbow inside.
  • Put the discarded tissue in the garbage.
  • Clean your hands right away with at least 20 seconds of soap and water. When soap and water are not readily available, disinfect your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol.
  1. Clean and disinfect
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces which are touched regularly every day. Included here are tables, partitions, light switches, countertops, handlebars, desks, telephones, toilets, towels and sinks.
  1. Supervise your health
  • Alert about signs. Watch for fever, coughing, breathlessness or any other signs of COVID-19.
  • It is particularly important that you go to the office or workplace and to settings where it may be difficult to maintain a physical distance of 6 metres.

What is the safe distance from others in order to protect yourself against the coronavirus disease?

The gap should be at least one meter (3 feet) between yourself and others. That is because when someone coughs, sneezes or speaks they release tiny liquid droplets from their nose or mouth that might contain the virus and if you’re too close you can breathe in the droplets, even the COVID-19 virus if the person has the disease.

Below are a number of suggested guidelines for CDC and WHO you can follow if you get sick or think you are infected with COVID-19 or care about someone who is ill.

  • Stay indoors. Most people with COVID-19 have a mild illness, and may recover at home without medical attention. Besides seeking medical attention you should not leave home just contact health workers. Should not visit places of public interest.
  • Watch yourself. Rest, and stay hydrated. Taking over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen, to make you feel better.
  • Keep in touch with your Doctor. You can call, though, before you get medical attention. Make sure to be alert if you have breathing issues, or if you have any other signs of emergency notice, or if you think this is an emergency.
  • The avoidance of public transit, ride-sharing or taxis.
  • Set yourself apart from others
  • Stay in a single space as much as possible and away from other people and pets in your house. You can use a separate bathroom where possible. When you need to be with someone else
  • Track the signs of Coronavirus COVID-19 including:-fever, cough, or other signs.

When you show one of the symptoms for Coronavirus COVID-19 below, should you seek emergency medical treatment;

  • Trouble breathing
  • Lasting chest pain or pressure
  • Inability to wake up or to stay awake
  • Lips or bluish eyes

Note: Please call in and inform the operator that you are seeking treatment for someone who has or may have Coronavirus COVID-19.

  • Call ahead. Many daily appointments for medical care are delayed or made by telephone or telemedicine.
  • If you have a medical appointment that cannot be postponed, please call the physician’s office and inform them you have COVID-19 or maybe you do. This will help protect yourself at the workplace as well as other patients.
  • Keep your nose and mouth covered with a cloth if you’re ill.
  • You should wear a face mask, over your nose and mouth if you have to be around other people or animals, like pets (even at home).
  • If you’re on your own, you don’t have to wear a face cover on the cloth. If you can’t put face covering on a cloth (for example due to breathing difficulties), cover your coughs and sneezes in a different way. Seek to stay behind other people at least 6 feet away. This will help protect the people around you.
  • Do not place face-cover clothes on young children under 2 years of age, people with trouble breathing, or someone who cannot remove the cover without support.

Note: Facemasks of medical grade are reserved for the healthcare staff and certain first responders during the COVID-19 pandemic. You may need to use a scarf or bandana to make yourself a cotton face covering to act as a mask.

There is still much unclear information about COVID-19 and how it spreads, except that it is transmitted from person to person through droplets, it is unlikely to spread via domestic or foreign mail, products, or packaging.

Nevertheless, individuals may be able to get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly eyes, but this is still not considered to be the most common manner in which the virus spreads.

Blood donation is life-saving in healthcare environments around the world, and is an integral aspect of treatment for patients. There is a growing need for donated blood, and blood centers are open and donations are so urgent. CDC and W.H.O urge people who are still in a good place to donate blood if they can, even though they maintain social isolation due to COVID 19. CDC assists blood centers by offering guidelines that would protect donors and employees. Examples of these guidelines include placing donor chairs 6 feet apart, closely adhering to environmentally friendly cleaning methods and urging donors to make donation appointments earlier than time

Stigma occurs when individuals of a particular population negatively perceive a communicable disease, such as COVID-19. Sadly, it is true that many of those that have suffered from COVID-19 but have recovered from it have endured a certain degree of stigma when released into their families, as certain people would still connect them with the disease, regardless of the fact that by the time they are released from hospitals they have completely healed from the disease and do not pose a risk of infection.

Flattening the curve at any given time means reducing the rate of new infections. It effectively helps hospital providers to efficiently handle the same patient volume without straining the healthcare system at all.

Recommendations

In general, avoiding unnecessary journeys is recommended. If travel is a must, then you must respect for barrier movements is shown in the case of travel;

  • Track the coronavirus symptoms regularly (cough, breathing difficulties)
  • Measure your temperature twice a day
  • Wash your hands regularly and properly
  • Avoid contact with older people and the disabled because they are at risk

World Health Organization / WHO Data (statistics) About Coronavirus

There are more than 6.7 million COVID-19 infections and about 398,000 deaths worldwide as of June 07th 2020, according to estimates from the W.H.O. Within the largest cases of disease and deaths are Americas and Europe. You may also search WHO corona statistics which are regularly updated. Please follow this link to find more statistics.

COVID-19 Coronavirus & Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Given the latest available study results, it is not clear that people with elevated blood pressure and other underlying health problems are more likely to get seriously ill from Coronavirus COVID-19 than others. However, it is understood that many people who have become severely ill with Coronavirus COVID-19 have high blood pressure, but they are also older or have other medical conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and significant heart diseases that put them at a higher risk of Coronavirus COVID-19 severe illness.

COVID-19 Coronavirus & Children

Based on available evidence, children are at no higher risk of contracting Coronavirus compared to the adults. However, it should be noted that COVID-19 children and babies have been reported, but most of the adults have been recorded to date.

Symptoms of coronavirus COVID-19 are common in infants and adults. Nevertheless, children with reported coronavirus usually suffered from mild symptoms. For children reported symptoms include cold-like symptoms such as fever, runny nose and cough. Vomiting and diarrhea were also registered. Certainly it is not yet understood that some children, particularly those with existing medical conditions and special needs for health care, are also at a higher risk of serious illness.

The transmission of the COVID-19 virus through breast milk and breastfeeding has not been detected. A mother should still implement appropriate hygiene measures during breastfeeding, including wearing a medical mask if available, to reduce the likelihood of droplets spreading to her infant with COVID-19.

Regardless of the possibility of suffocation, it is not advisable to put cloth face covers on babies or children under 2 years. Kids under the age of 2 are treated as an exception as well as someone who has respiratory problems or is unconscious, deaf or otherwise unable to remove the face cover without assistance.

The use of face masks is a measure of public health to minimize the spread of COVID-19, where social isolation, regular hand washing and preventive steps are not available on a daily basis. In case the wearer is positive for COVID-19, it is designed to wear a face mask to prevent the wearer from spreading the virus to another. When anyone was infected but had no signs it would be especially important. Medical face masks and N95 respirators are reserved only for health care workers and other first responders as suggested in existing CDC guidelines.

If you want to talk about the outbreak with your children you need to be cool and reassure them they are safe. Show them, if possible, that most COVID-19 disease appears to be mild and shouldn’t worry too much but should be careful not to get sick. Children respond differently to stressful situations than adults do.

It does not proved that Coronavirus presents a particular threat to expectant mothers, according to what is generally known. Therefore, pregnant women are not entitled to further preventive measures other than those normally prescribed during pregnancy.

School Dismissals & Children

Children are not even allowed to go and hang out with other children from other families. It is mainly because practice of social distance is the key to slowing COVID-19 spread. Unless it is absolutely important for these children to interact with other individuals outside of their own families, they will try to keep 6 feet from someone who is not in their own household.

Help your kids have monitored phone calls or video chats with their friends to help them stay socially linked with their friends without being socially distancing.

Here are a few of the instructions you should follow to ensure that your child is kept informed.

  • Keep in touch with your child’s kindergarten.

Most schools have services for virtual learning. Knowing what the school has to give to your child in terms of assignments is important to you. To complete the work you’ll need to help your child set a reasonable pace. You may will need to help switch devices on, read directions and type your child’s answers. In case of technology or communication issues you should notify the boy’s school.

  • Establish in-house learning schedule and routine but remain flexible.

You need to set up a daily bedtime, like we do Monday through Friday to get up in the weekdays. Come up with a standardized routine activity time table like studying or completing school tasks, nutritious meals and snacks, and physical activity. Enable flexibility in the timetable; changing depending on the day is okay.

  • Lookout for ways to make learning fun

Have hands-on activities, such as puzzles, painting, drawing, and making things that require the child to be involved mentally and physically in the task. Active play can also be used, instead of formal instruction. Encourage children to create a sheet fort, or do counting by stacking bricks.

If you are at a higher risk of getting very sick due to Coronavirus disease 2019, especially if you are 65 years of age and older, the following guidelines should be put in place to avoid the infection.

  • Store supplies such as food , drugs, if need be
  • Take every day steps to protect you and others in space
  • Stay away from disabled people when you go out in public
  • Avoid close touch, and wash your hands always
  • Avoid queues, cruises or non-essential journeys
  • When there is an epidemic in your neighborhood, try to stay home as much as possible.
  • Check for symptoms of COVID-19, and emergency signs.
  • Stay home, and call the doctor if you are sick.

No, most disabled people are not at higher risk of becoming infected with or having severe COVID-19 disease unless they have other underlying medical conditions that will make them susceptible to the virus.

Cleaning & Disinfection

Cleaning with soap and water removes impurities of the germs, debris and soil and decreases the chance of transmitting infection. At the other hand, disinfection refers to the use of stronger detergents that kill germs at surfaces and this can further reduce the risk of infection transmission.

Business buildings, hospitals, and households will have comprehensive daily cleaning procedures in place to ensure a safe atmosphere. When these facilities are in use, surfaces that multiple users frequently touch, such as door handles, bathroom surfaces and handrails, should be washed with soap and water or other detergent at least daily. Depending on the degree of use, more regular cleaning and disinfection may be necessary. For example, prior to each usage all surfaces and items should be washed and disinfected in public spaces, such as shopping carts and point of sale keypads.

Only washing by itself is not an efficient way to fight coronavirus. Although cleaning helps remove germs and thus reduces the risk of transmitting infection, the risk of infection remains. When a surface may have acquired the virus from a person with or suspected of COVID-19, the surface should be immediately washed and disinfected.

COVID-19 Coronavirus & Animals.

We do not know for sure which animals can be infected with the COVID-19 virus, or cannot. Nevertheless, the W.H.O and CDC have reported a small number of animals, including dogs, cats, lions and tigers, to be infected with the virus that triggers COVID-19, mostly after close contact with persons with COVID-19.

Furthermore, recent research has shown that ferrets, cats and golden Syrian hamsters may be infected with the virus experimentally and can transmit the infection in laboratory settings to other animals of the same settings.

Your pet’s health is not a concern right now, since there are just a few positive COVID-19 test cases in animals.

As of today, no scientific studies have been identified to support this claim of animal skins containing the COVID-19 virus. Practicing safe behavior for pets and other animals, though, is always nice, and also washing hands before and after encounters, as animals can also hold other germs that can make people sick.

Yes, you should walk your dog during this pandemic, because being healthy is vital for animals and humans. Hold it on a leash while walking your dog, and try to remain as far away as possible from anyone at least 6 feet (2 metres). Don’t encourage other people to pet your dog when you’re out for a walk, to help maintain social space.

If your pet is ill and you have reason to suspect it may have contracted COVID-19, you need to talk to your doctor about any health concerns you may have regarding your pet. However, you should not take your pet to the veterinary doctors but call them first to let them know that the pet was indeed a victim of COVID-19. Some veterinarians may offer telemedicine consultations, or other plans to see sick pets. Your veterinarian will examine your pet and decide next steps for your pet to be treated and taken care of.

It is the animals that are examined in very unusual cases. Systematic animal testing is not necessary at this time, so any animal testing is performed on a case-by – case basis. For example, if a COVID-19 patient’s pet has a new disease with similar symptoms to those of COVID-19, the animal’s veterinarian can consult with public health and animal health officials to decide whether testing is needed.

COVID-19 Coronavirus & Water

As per current research, the virus which causes COVID-19 has not been detected in drinking water. Conventional methods of filtration and disinfection treatment of water, such as those used in most municipal or national drinking water systems, are effective in destroying or inactivating the COVID-19 virus.

Several patients diagnosed with COVID-19 identified the Coronavirus in the faeces. However, it is unclear if the virus present in faeces can cause COVID-19, as no recorded case of the virus spreading from faeces to a human has been identified.

Coronavirus has been found in untreated wastewater. However, researchers aren’t sure whether this virus will cause disease if a person is exposed to untreated wastewater or sewerage systems. At this time, the possibility of transmission of the virus causing COVID-19 by properly built and maintained sewerage systems is considered very low.